World week ahead: Fiscal, economic challenges

The agonisingly slow progress in talks to avoid the fiscal cliff in the US means there is now less than a month to reach an agreement and it will be the key focus for investors this holiday season.

Progress is difficult to discern, if not absent at this point. Last week President Barack Obama warned of "prolonged negotiations", while House of Representatives Speaker John Boehner declared "a stalemate", saying the White House needed to get serious.

The importance of preventing a fresh setback to the American economy – the automatic tax increases and spending cuts that will take effect on January 1 if an agreement is not reached – was highlighted by an unexpected drop in consumer spending in October.

The 0.2% decline in purchases came after a 0.8% increase in September, according to Commerce Department data released on Friday. The report suggests consumers may have shifted to more defensive positions ahead of the year's most important season for retailers.

There will be more numbers to mull in the coming days for a more current read on the state of the economy, including the all-important November jobs report on Friday.

Also due are the PMI Manufacturing Index and the ISM Manufacturing Index, both tomorrow, the ADP employment report on Wednesday and weekly jobless claims on Thursday.

"We have a week with a lot of economic data, and obviously most of the economic data is going to reflect the effects of Sandy, and that might be a little bit negative for the market," Peter Cardillo, chief market economist at Rockwell Global Capital in New York, told Reuters.

Superstorm Sandy devastated the East Coast in late October.

In the past five days, the Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 0.1%, the Standard & Poor's 500 Index rose 0.5%, while the Nasdaq Composite Index climbed 1.5%.

For the month of November, the S&P 500 posted its fifth advance in six, according to Reuters. The index gained 0.29%.

November also proved a good climate for US Treasuries as some investors relished their perceived safety amid concern about the economy.

"Our sense is that we are no closer to a deal than we were two weeks ago," Ian Lyngen, a government-bond strategist at CRT Capital Group in Stamford, Connecticut, told Bloomberg News.

"The primary issue at hand is the fiscal cliff and the likelihood that any budget agreement negatively affects gross domestic product in 2013."

In Europe, the Stoxx 600 Index posted a gain of 0.9% for the week, bringing its advance for the month to 2%. And even the beleaguered euro benefited, touching the highest level in five and a half weeks against the greenback on Friday.

Germany's parliamentary approval of the latest aid package for Greece helped underpin the mood.

Still, European Central Bank chief Mario Draghi warned the eurozone's troubles are far from over. "We have not yet emerged from the crisis," he told Europe 1 radio. "The recovery for most of the euro zone will certainly begin in the second half of 2013."

Late on Friday Moody's cut its rating on the European Stability Mechanism and the European Financial Stability Facility, reflecting its recent downgrade of France.

Eyes will be on meetings of policymakers at the ECB and the Bank of England this week. The ECB is expected to leave its key interest rate on hold at a record low 0.75%.

One positive from the weekend, which might bolster enthusiasm at least for a short time, is that China's official manufacturing purchasing managers' index reached a seven-month high in October, confirming a recovery trend in the world's second biggest economy, Reuters reports.

(BusinessDesk)

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NZ Market Snapshot

Forex

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EUR 0.6200 0.0012 0.19%
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HKD 6.0863 0.0143 0.24%
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NI225 15354.4 15377.0 15139.0 1.01%